Includes import documentation and other requirements for both the U.S. exporter and foreign importer.

 Since 2008, the government has been using a risk analysis system run by the National Customs Service of Ecuador (SENAE). All importers must register with SENAE and obtain a company tax number (RUC) issued by the Ecuadorian Internal Revenue Service (SRI).

The following documentation is required to import products into Ecuador:

  • Commercial invoice, 
  • Original or copy of the bill of lading or airway bill,
  • Insurance policy in accordance with the Insurance Law,
  • Income tax registry number (RUC), 
  • Certificate of origin when applicable (to qualify for tariff preferences when available), and
  • INEN-1 certificate (standards compliance), when applicable.

In addition to the documents listed above, shipments must include detailed weight information, including net weight and individual gross weight of each product. Special labeling in Spanish is often required.

When the merchandise arrives in Ecuador, SENAE will authorize the payment of duties and the release of the goods using a virtual platform called “Ventanilla Unica” where all the documentation is submitted. It is advisable to use a specialized customs agent for this process.

Prepared by our U.S. Embassies abroad. With its network of 108 offices across the United States and in more than 75 countries, the U.S. Commercial Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. Locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting